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tv   BBC World News  PBS  November 3, 2009 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news."
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>> accused of genocide and war crimes, radovan karadzic finally appears in court. >> i would really be a criminal if i were to accept these conditions to enter proceedings in which i am not prepared. >> an end to corruption, president karzai makes the pledge to kickstart his controversial second term. a new treaty to streamline the european union is signed, sealed, and delivered. welcome to bbc world news. coming up later, he was jailed, convicted of trying to overthrow a government, but now the former british army officer. the venezuelan capital struggles.
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>> radovan karadzic has appeared in court on the fourth day of his trial on charges of genocide and war crimes. he has declared he will take no further part, giving more time to deal with over 1 million pages of evidence against him. >> radovan karadzic is demanding more time to prepare his defense. the prosecution insisting he should not be allowed to dictate the timetable. the prosecution was chaotic -- more than 1 million pages of evidence in the five months since may alone.
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>> no decision can change the fact that i have had only five months. with all due respect, it is five months only i have been snowed under with all of this material. >> the prosecution urged the court to get tough. yesterday in his absence, they accuse him of the murder of more than 7000 muslim men and boys in july 1995. they said they had radio intercepts that revealed one of his most trusted commanders ordering the murders as a part of a preplanned operation. are you working down there, he asked a subordinate. kill the mall, he says, believe a single one alive. the videotape of the forces
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ordering a captured muslim man to call on his own teenage son to surrender. >> the man being forced to call to his son is a man named -- his remains were found in a mass grave. the man's remains calling to his son were found as well. >> the judges said they will decide what to do about it by the end of the week. radovan karadzic has had a taste of the evidence that he will have to face one day here. in bosnia, this enduring sense of justice not yet done means that all of these years on, the
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war remains unfinished business. >> afghanistan's president has welcomed his new term in office by promising to banish the corruption that has tainted his country and government. president karzai also offered an olive branch to his taliban brothers. there was no mention of his rival whose withdrawal gave him a victory by default. >> afghan president once more, but there was no victory celebration for president karzai -- just relief that the whole trouble the election was over and a promise of reform. >> make sure the taxpayers money coming to us from other countries is spent wisely and rightly. the afghan government and also by the rulers themselves. >> he vowed to remove the stigma
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of corruption from his government. there was an olive branch, too, for the taliban, urging them to take part in peace talks, but they called president karzai a puppet. >> the money would not go to the individuals. we do not see ourselves taking money because that is paying money for bad behavior. this is about turning around and taking them away from the violence. it is about money that goes into the community and the environment. we said to do that in two dozen one, so let's start doing that. >> for this to work, the afghan government has to do much better at looking after its citizens. >> i think our president needs to make his mind and bring some
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fundamental changes in his cabinet and his entire system. the international community is complaining about the corruption in afghanistan. it is very important that he focus on this. >> president karzai is now under huge pressure to show he can run a clean up and more effective administration, with the west continuing to justify spending money and bloodshed here. there is little chance of turning back the taliban insurgency. >> some of the other main storage for you, german chancellor angela merkel has made history on capitol hill, the second german chancellor to address both houses of congress since 1957. the speech talked to the challenges of the 21st century and the importance of tolerance.
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rail officials and pakistan are investing -- are investigating why the driver of the passenger train failed to stop at a signal. 16 people are known to be dead. at least 45 were injured. the at cutting government has taken an appeal to a band crucifixes from classrooms. the court ruled the course of pictures are a violation of freedom of religious choice. many politicians have reacted angrily. the vatican is studying the ruling. events today have paved the way for the new look in europe. there will be fewer collective decisions. with the signature at last. james robert reports on an historic day for europe.
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>> you might have thought this controversial treaty was a done deal almost two years ago, when all 27 member countries came to lisbon to sign up for what they agreed after years of haggling and argument. there was one clue for the trouble ahead. gordon brown missed the signing. europe looked less than enthusiastic. in fact, it has been others that have held up the implementation of the treaty. >> today, the president of the czech republic finally agreed to sign ratification by his country, the last to do so. last month, people reverse their rejection of the lisbon treaty in a second referendum. seven years of debate about reforming the european union are
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now ending. the treaty will be enforced from the first of december. the lisbon treaty is intended to streamline decision making, creating a new post as the president of the european council. some national vetoes will be lost and critics fear more power will move to brussels. however, the treaty gives members of the european parliament more powers to scrutinize legislation. today as it became clear the treaty was the cure, gordon brown gave his judgment. >> i hope europe can set aside years of constitutional and institutional debate, years of having to deal with institutional issues, and that we can move forward and deal with this main issue that the european union must now face, and that is how to create jobs, build growth, how to tackle climate change, greater security
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for the people of europe. >> it is 20 years this month since the berlin wall came down. that was the seismic political event that produced a much expanded european union and then the years of argument about a new treaty for that union, a treaty which is now in place. >> 5 of foreigners convicted and jailed for a plot to overthrow the government in an editorial guinea. they include the man said to be the ringleader. several prominent figures were said to be implemented -- implicated, including a former british prime minister. >> sentenced an effect to die in the west african jail, this was the man at his trial last year.
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he was given a 34-year sentence. his world had come crashing down, but now suddenly, a pardon. over 1 billion barrels of oil reserve, a equatorial guinea might have been a target for a coup. what was the plan and what went wrong march 2004, arrests were made as a plane full of mercenaries landed to pick up arms. august of that year, mark thatcher is arrested in south africa. january 2008, mann is extradited to acquit or real guinea to face charges. in july, he is sentenced to 34 years. then today, he is pardoned and set to fly home to britain.
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why all the sudden the pardon? the south african president is visiting shortly. above all, mann has cooperated fully with the authorities. >> the government used him to get as much information as they could. they got him to name other names to accuse others involved in the plot. the last thing they want is for him to become [unintelligible] >> he is the highest profile person to be convicted in the coup. >> it is going to be interesting when he gets back to the united kingdom. the trial process that he has been too has been very he regular. i-- the trial process that he has been through has been very
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irregular. >> we may at last learned the full story of africa's mersenne a -- of one of africa's mercenaries. >> still to come on bbc world news, why some muslims are planning new laws are an attempt to stop their worshiping. the doctors are being urged to take another look at the treatment of millions of patients who take aspirin to prevent heart disease. researchers are saying the risks and benefits of a daily dose are very finely balanced. this is from our house correspondent. >> he knows that he has reached that age he has a slightly increased risk of heart attack or stroke. he works hard to keep fit and healthy and to eat well. he has also been taking a daily aspirin to protect himself.
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he finds the latest advice somewhat frustrating. >> you tend to hold what they say is true. -- you tend to hope what they say is true. i am trying to exercise three or four days a week. >> the clear evidence that aspirin is beneficial for those that have had a heart attack or stroke, but for those that have not had symptoms, it could be the biggest benefit. >> for people who have not had a heart attack or a stroke, they are going to suggest there is a fine balance if they will get any benefits. will it reduce the chance of them having a stroke or heart attack? possibly. on the other hand, it might give them a serious side effect. it might do them harm in the long run rather than good.
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>> for the millions of people who take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke, this advice means a change in habits. the best medicine remains -- staying active, eating well, and if you are concerned, seeing your doctor. >> we will get many more details on that and on all international news on our website. this is bbc world news. for the first time since the start of this trial, the former leader radovan karadzic has appeared at the war crimes tribunal. afghanistan president karzai has offered what he called an olive branch to his taliban brothers. in a very early test of president barack obama's political poll, two u.s. state are choosing to stay in blue,
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democrats that is. for more on that, we go to our special correspondent who is in washington. >> with two big races to watch tonight, virginia and new jersey where voters are choosing their governors. i am joined by a senior editor of politico.com. this is a referendum of barack obama's popularity. >> and that is right. republicans are trying to point to specific areas of the country where barack obama did very well in 2008. there are a couple of governorships out there. these are all areas where barack obama did very well. if republicans take the vote, they could say this is a repudiation of the president's policy. >> unemployment is still up and people are still worried about when the economy is going to
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come back. >> president obama is -- has personally always been more popular than his policies. he is very well liked domestically just like he is abroad, but when you get down to his policies, he is not quite as popular. >> what kind of republican party is it? we see a lot of rhetoric about small government and no taxes. >> we have this continuing rift between the more conservative element of the republican party and the more moderate folks. they are kind of going at each other. we are seeing a big split in upstate new york. it is probably the democrats' best hope on election day that republicans blow themselves up and go into different directions. >> in the state of maine, they
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are having a referendum on same- sex marriage with the politicians pushed this through in may and now all voters get a chance to say what they think. >> this is rather important because the big argument you hear against gay marriage from those who do not support it is we do not want legislators or politicians pushing it through. here we had a chance, getting a sense of what the people actually think about the issue of gay marriage. >> david, thank you for joining us here in the studio. we will have those results and reaction for you tomorrow. >> thanks to you both. muslim clerics are complaining that the government is shutting down mosques and limiting their activities. >> calling fellow worshipers to
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crier. -- to prayer. his mosque has been closed down. the authorities say they need to restore it, but he thinks the government is targeting him on a new law written about religion. during the spread of radical islam, it has a band and the muslim that has received his education abroad from leading religious practice. >> everyone should be free to follow their own religion. they closed our mosque and it made us angry. why did they do it? it should not matter that i spent time abroad. they have violated the law of allah. >> because of this, the government is worried about foreign extremists.
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they say they thwarted planned attacks in 2007 by targeting and the seas and some of the country's zero oil plants. they see this new law as a vital step. >> unfortunately, very few that study abroad want to bring the loss of their state and politicized religion. we don't want to be another violent republic. these students are being taught the kuran. the government hopes that by teaching students in classrooms, they can foster home grown it is long. -- home grown islam. that has left critics to say this is all part of an attempt
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to stifle freedom of expression. in 2008, this mosque were shot following a grenade attack apparently plan with the help of foreigners. the government closed it fearing fundamentalism could also exist within the mosque. its members denied being radicalized. people like him said the government's efforts to keep the country secure, the expense of religious freedom. >> he says he has not broken the law and with no sign of his mosque reopening, his home remains his gave the place of worship. >> people in the venezuelan capital began what may be six months of water rationing. large parts will be without water for up to 48 hours.
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>> it is a dry city. a two-state water rationing program has started across the capitol, expected to be the first of many in the coming months as the water crisis begins to bite. >> the venezuelan president recently called on his countrymen to spend just three minutes in the shower to save water and electricity. he blames the climatic effect for the empty reservoirs. there could be fewer examples then this, a reservoir. hydrologist tell me that the end of the rainy season, it should be about half full. as it is, this is supposed to supply a large part of the area. experts agree that he is right. a particularly dry rainy season
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has hit a venezuela hard. >> el nina is it a consequence of not a lot of precipitation. the rainfall has caused a huge reduction in the amount of available drinking water as well as affected hydroelectric power in the south of the country. >> the opposition is not convinced by the government's arguments. they say a lack of infrastructure has caused the current drought. >> the problem with the public services is that you cannot import them. boat cannot import water or electricity. you have to have public organizations providing for a growing population. >> in this town, many people do not care what the causes are. they just know they do not have a clean supply of drinking water.
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they depend on tanker deliveries that come every two weeks. anything they need on top of that, they have to buy it at inflated prices. >> this is the only supply of clean drinking water that people can expect to receive this month. the government and president has prided itself on supplying basic goods and services at low cost to the poorest in venezuela for the past 10 years. when it comes to possible water, something is going clearly wrong. >> we use very little water. we debate with small quantities and recycle the water to the lavatory. we bade using water from washing clothes. >> while the government has promised to prioritize the problem of the water supply, their critics accuse them for waiting -- of waiting for a solution to fall from the sky. >> we should note that one of
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the most important thinkers of the 21st century, claude levi- strauss, has died. his work included new theories about common patterns of behavior and thought between primitive and modern societies. the french president, nicolas sarkozy, called him one of the greatest of all time. russia is world famous for its of vodka, so imagine how this driver felt. he hit a stack of vodka bottles in a moscow warehouse. just watch that domino effect. every single shelf came crashing down. $170,000 worth was destroyed of alcohol. thank you for being with us on the bbc world news. much more and that and all the international news on the
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bbc.com. >> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. made possible by the freeman vermont, and honolulu. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism.
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>> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.

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